What’s Autism Spectrum Disorder?

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Autism Spectrum Disorder is a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders characterized by social impairments, communication problems, repetitive and compulsive behaviors. No two individuals with autism are the same as the range in severity differs for each person. According to recent statistics autism now affects 1 in 88 children 1 in 54 are boys. Learn more from Wendy Froehlich, MD and Lawrence K. Fung, MD, PhD

Signs and Symptoms

Social Communication

  • Narrow range of interests
  • Trouble engaging in reciprocal conversation
  • Failure to respond to or interact with others
  • Poorly integrated communication
  • Little to no eye contact
  • Lack of facial expression

Restrictive and Repetitive Behavior

  • Prefers a routine
  • Poor fine motor skills
  • Echolalia
  • Strong attachment to objects
  • Rigid thinking patterns
  • Fixated interests
  • Preoccupation with certain topics
  • Indifference to temperature or pain
  • Sensitivity to sound or texture
  • Visually attracted to light or movements
  • Chewing on or putting inedible objects in mouth
  • Excessive smelling or touching of objects

*This list is not exhaustive of all characteristics*

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